The 2005 Kashmir earthquake was a major earthquake centered in the Pakistan administered Kashmir near the city of Muzaffarabad, also affecting and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It occurred at 08:52:37 Pakistan Standard Time (03:52:37 GMT) on 8 October 2005. It registered a moment magnitude of 7.6 making it similar in size to the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the 1935 Quetta earthquake, the 2001 Gujarat earthquake, and the 2009 Sumatra earthquakes. As of 8 November, the government of Pakistan’s official death toll was 75,000. The earthquake also affected countries in the surrounding region where tremors were felt in Tajikistan and western China, while officials say nearly 1,400 people also died in Jammu and Kashmir and four people in neighboring Nangarhar Province of Afghanistan. The severity of the damage caused by the earthquake is attributed to severe upthrust, coupled with poor construction.
Well over US$ 5.4 billion (400 billion Pakistani rupees) in aid arrived from all around the world. US Marine and Army helicopters stationed in neighbouring Afghanistan quickly flew aid into the devastated region along with five CH47 Chinook helicopters from the Royal Air Force that were deployed from the United Kingdom. Five crossing points were opened on the Line of Control (LoC), between India and Pakistan, to facilitate the flow of humanitarian and medical aid to the affected region, and aid teams from different parts of Pakistan and around the world came to the region to assist in relief.


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Pakistani workers use heavy equipment to move through the rubble of the leveled Margara Tower near islamabad, Pakistan on Oct 14, 2005.
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Two Pakistani boys take shelter from the rain in Balakot, Pakistan on Oct 15, 2005. Tens of thousands have been left homeless by an earthquake.<br />Payam Borazjani
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Pakistani man holds his son as they look for shelter in the aftermath of the massive earthquake in Muzaffarabad, Pakistan on October 17, 2005. Two million people are homeless after an earthquake that killed more than 35,000.
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A Pakistani boy waits in front of an Iranian relief camp after an earthquake in Muzaffarabad, Pakistan on Oct. 17, 2005. Two million people are homeless after an earthquake that killed more than 35,000.
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